Three Grammar Points for 到 dào (to go to, to arrive)

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has the meaning of ‘to go to’, ‘to arrive’, ‘up to’ ‘until’.

Now let’s take a look of the three major grammar points for 到:

1. Subject + + place (+verb phrase)

to go to; to arrive     

E.g.

wǒ dào chāo shì mǎi cài

我到超市买菜。

I am going to the supermarket to buy food (ingredients) for home cooking. 

*菜 cài generally means ‘vegetable’, however, we sometimes also use it as a term for food in general.

img_8553tā dào cān tīng chī fàn

他到餐厅吃饭。

He go to the restaurant to have a meal.

*饭 fàn again, generally means ‘cooked rice’, but we also use it to describe food, or a meal.

2. (cóng)place/time place/time

From…to…

cóng jī chǎng dào huǒ chē zhàn

从机场到火车站

From airport to train station

cóng bā diǎn dào jiǔ diǎn

从八点到九点

From 8:00 to 9:00

3. as result complement

Verb + 到 

In Chinese, we add 到 behind a verb to describe the result of an action.

For example,

the Chinese character for ‘to listen’ is tīng

This is when you are listening to things, but may or may not actually hearing anything.

In contrast, when you can actually hear the sound that you’ve been actively searching for it, that is when 听到 come into place.

Other examples can be

shuō to talk, to speak

说到 shuō dào speak of…(the result of the ‘talk’)

(说到这里 speak of this; come to think of it…)

zuò to do

做到 zuò dào have done, have achieved

说到做到 shuō dào zuò dào

Sui the action to the word; act on what one says

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