HSK 2 GRAMMAR

subj + 差不多 Chà bù duō to show approximation:so so, not very different, about the same

negative adj. + 死了 sǐ le  extremely…(in a negative way)

一边。。。一边。。。yī biān… yī biān… doing…while…

每 měi  every  每个人měi gè rén every person  每件事 měi jiàn shì  every matter

 公斤 gōng jīn kilogram    wàn Million   亿 yì Billion   几 jǐ  How many

第+ number  第一 dì yī   first

否定副词 Negative Adverb: bù   没 méi   别  bié

程度副词 Degree Adverb:

很 hěn  very  太 tài  very  非常 fēi cháng very   总是 zǒng shì  alway  多 duō (how)many

最 zuì   most  一直  yī zhí  always  更 gèng  more   真 zhēn very

范围 scope:  dōu  all    一起 yī qǐ  together  只 Zhǐ only

时间副词 adverb of time:

正在  zhèng zài        已经 yǐ jīng         就 jiù   刚 gāng  just

action in progress; already; then

频率副词 Adverb of Frequency:

zài   yě  hái   yòu

    也,还,又

again; also; still; again

连词 conjunction:

hé         yīn wèi.. suǒ yǐ…      dàn shì huò zhě   gēn

和               因为。。所以。。。    但是    或者    跟

and; because…so…; but; or; with

介词 preposition:

 cóng  duì  bǐ  xiàng   lí

 从,对,比,向,离

from; to; to compare; towards; from, away

助动词 auxiliary verb:

huì   néng   kě yǐ    yào  kě néng  yīng gāi

会   能   可以  要   可能   应该

can; can; can; want to; possibly; should

结构助词 Structural Particle:

的 de similar to the ‘apostrophe’ in English      得 dé to show degree or possibility

动态助词 Aspect Particle:

zhe  le   guò

,过

action in progress; to show completion of an action;  an action has experienced in the past

否定句 Negative Sentence:不,没 bù, méi

Question:    

nǐ chī bù chī  fàn   hǎo ma

 你吃不吃饭           好吗

Do you want to eat/have a meal?  Is it okay?

祈使句 Imperative sentence:

qǐng  bié   bú yào

请       别      不要

please; don’t; don’t 

比较句 Comparative sentence:

jīn tiān bǐ zuó tiān lěng

今天比昨天冷

Today is colder than yesterday

要。。。了yào…le Sentence:

huǒ chē yào kāi le

火车要开了 

The train is about to depart

以前 yǐ qián  before 以后 yǐ hòu  after

刚才gāng cái just now

一下 yí xià One second; all at once

。。。的时候 de shí hòu  during…, when…

难nán + verb difficult

到 dào to arrive

Verb + 不懂 bù dǒng  Cannot understand

完 wán to finish

想 xiǎng  and 要 yào

Kuài                le

快+ verb + 了 Nearly.. almost going to complete an action

yī xiē   yǒu de

一些     有的

some; some

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