HSK 1 VOCAB

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hsk-vocab-1

Numbers  

yī èr sān sì wǔ liù qī bā jiǔ shí

一  二   三   四 五  六   七  八  九 十

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

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Days/Time

星期 (xīng qí)+ Numbers  e.g. 星期一 Monday

Except 星期天/星期日 Sunday

yumis-week

Jīn tiān míng tiān zuó tiān xiàn zài yuè shí hòu    nián

今天  明天  昨天 现在  月    时候   年

today;  tomorrow;   yesterday;  now; month;  length of time, period;   year

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fēn zhōng shàng wǔ xià wǔ zhōng wǔ

分钟   上午  下午   中午

minute;    morning;   afternoon midday, noon

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Classifier

 kuài   unit of currency;lump;chunk

 号 hào       day of a month/number

   hu í  to return; section or chapter

 个     classifier for people or objects in general

suì běn  diǎn

 岁    本  点   

classifier for age;   classifier for book;   classifier for small indeterminate quantities

Verb

verbs

Also check out: 10 Common Chinese Verbs

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Ài chī hē jiào kāi kàn     kàn jiàn rèn shí mǎi

    吃     喝    叫    开   看  看见  认识    买  

 to love;   to eat;  to drink;   to call  to open;   to look at;   to see;   to know;    to buy

dú lái qù qǐng shuō xiǎng xiě zuò zhù

读   来  去 请  说  想  写 做 住   

to read;  to come;  to go;   to invite, to treat ;  to say;  to think; to write; to do to live

zuò   xǐ huān   dǎ diàn huà  shì yǒu tīng shuì jiào  xué xí

坐    喜欢    打电话    是 有 听   睡觉   学习

to sit;   to like;  to make a phone call;  to be;  to have; to listen;  to sleep; to study

Particle

le  ma de ne

  吗  的   

completed action marker; question particle; structural particle; question particle 

Preposition  

zài lǐ zhōng shàng xià hé

在   里      中    上    下  和

in, at; inside; in the middle; up; down; and

Adj.

gāo xìng hǎo lěng rè piào liang

高兴   好   冷  热  漂亮

happy; good; cold;warm; pretty

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Auxiliary Verb

néng huì

能  会

can, capable of; able to, will

Adverb

dōu hěn tài

都 很 太

all; very; too (much)

People

rén bà ba mā ma ér zi nǐ wǒ wǒ men nǚ’ér  tā tā

人   爸爸    妈妈   儿子  你 我 我们  女儿 她 他

people; dad; mum; son; you; me; us; daughter; he; she

xiān shēng xiǎo jiě lǎo shī xué shēng tóng xué yī shēng

先生    小姐   老师    学生    同学  医生  

Mr; Miss; teacher; student; schoolmate; doctor

Polite words

Zài jiàn duì bù qǐ   xiè xie bú kè qì   méi guān xì

再见   对不起   谢谢  不客气    没关系

   Bye; sorry; thank you; you are welcome; it doesn’t matter

Question words

Nǎ/nǎ’er shuí shén me duō shǎo zěn me zěn me yàng  jǐ

哪/哪儿      谁    什么      多少    怎么    怎么样  几

where; who; what; how much; how; how are things; how many

Antonyms

dà xiǎo duō shǎo shàng xià zhè nà hòu miàn qián miàn

   小    多   少    上  下   这   那  后面    前面

big; small; more; less; up; down; here; there; behind; in front of

Food

Shuǐ guǒ píng guǒ mǐ fàn cài chá

水果    苹果     米饭    菜      茶 

fruit;     apple;   rice;      dish, vegetable;      tea

Things   东西 dōng xi

电脑 diàn nǎo   computer   电视 diàn shì  television   电影 diàn yǐng  film, movie

yī fú   yǐ zi    zhuō zi  shū qián shuǐ  bēi zi

 衣服      椅子   桌子   书     钱      水    杯子 

Clothes; chair; table; book; money; water;  cup, glass

Places

Fàn diàn shāng diàn běi jīng zhōng guó jiā xué xiào yī yuàn

饭店      商店       北京    中国   家    学校 医院

restaurant; shop; Beijing;   China; home; school; hospital

Transportations

Also check out:交通工具 Public Transportation

出租车 chū zū chē   taxi 飞机 fēi jī

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Animals

Also check out: Vocab for 动物 Animals

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gǒu dog    māo    cat

Degree, extent

bù/bú   méi yǒu yī diǎn er    xiē

      没有     一点儿    些  

not, no;  havent; a little; some

Others

Gōng zuò míng zì tiān qì  xià yǔ   wèi hàn yǔ  zì

 工作           名字         天气   下雨    喂          汉语             字 

work; name; weather; to rain; hello (on the phone); Chinese language; letter, character

 

 

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